“Technological fields will be unable to find enough workers in the U.S. without girls completing high-tech degree programs.”

- Land of Plenty: Diversity as America's Competitive Edge in Science, Engineering and Technology. Congressional Commission on the Advancement of Women and Minorities in Science, Engineering, and Technology Development, 2000.


The AAUW Report: How Schools Shortchange Girls—Executive Summary
American Association of University Women, Wellesley College Center for Research on Women and the National Education Association (1992)

“Assessing Self-Efficacy Beliefs and Academic Outcomes: The Case for Specificity and Correspondence”
Frank Pajares
Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New York (1996)

Beyond Bias and Barriers: Fulfilling the Potential of Women in Academic Science and Engineering
Committee on Maximizing the Potential of Women in Academic Science and Engineering, National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and Institute of Medicine (2007)

Climbing the Ladder to Nontraditional Careers & Gender Equity Tool Kit
Illinois Office of Educational Services

Encouraging Girls in Math and Science
Diane Halpern, Joshua Aronson, Nona Reimer, Sandra Simpkins, Jon Star, and Kathryn Wentzel
IES National Center for Education Research, U.S. Dept. of Education (2007)

Enhancing the Community College Pathway to Engineering Careers
National Research Council (2006)

“Entry and Persistence of Women and Minorities in College Science and Engineering Education”
Gary Huange, Nebiyu Taddese, and Elizabeth Walter
National Center for Education Statistics, U.S. Dept. of Ed. (2000)

Forging New Pathways: Promising Practices for Recruiting
and Retaining Students in Career and Technical Education Programs that are Nontraditional for Their Gender
National Alliance for Partnerships in Equity, Association of Career and Technical, Education, National Women’s Law Center, (June, 2005)

Gender and Technology: A Research Review
Jo Sanders (2005)

Gender, Diversities, and Equity Institute website
Education Development Center, Inc.

“The Gender Gap in the Computer Culture”
Sherry Turkle
Edge Foundation (2003)

“Girls and Math: Enough is Known for Action”
Patricia Campbell
Women’s Education Equity Act Publishing Center (1991)

Electronic Resources for Nontraditional Careers & Gender Equity
Illinois Office of Educational Services

“Learning in a Man’s World: Examining The Perceptions Of Undergraduate Women In Male-Dominated Academic Areas ”
Jennifer Steele, Jacquelyn James and Rosalind Barnett
Psychology of Women Quarterly (2002)

“A Longitudinal Study of Graduate Women in Engineering and Science”
Suzanne Brainard and Linda Carlin
Journal of Engineering Education (1998)

Promoting Gender Equity in the Science Classroom
Rebecca Gondak
WEEA Equity Resource Center

“Research Summary on the Impact of Culture, Gender and Ethnicity on Student Learning”
Ferris State University Faculty Center for Teaching and Learning

Science and Engineering Indicators 2004
National Science Foundation (2004)

Science and Engineering Indicators 2008
National Science Foundation (2008)

“Taking Stock: Where We’ve Been, Where We’re Going”
Beatrice Chu Clewell and Patricia K. Campbell
Journal of Women and Minorities in Science and Engineering (2002)

“A Teacher’s Reflections on Her Actions to Improve Her Female Students’ Self-Efficacy Toward Science”
Michelle Bohrmann and Valarie Akerson
Journal of Elementary Science Education (2001)

Teaching Mathematics Effectively and Equitably to Females
Katherine Hanson
Gender Equities Institute, Educational Research Center, Inc. (2001)

Tech-Savvy: Educating Girls in the New Computer Age
American Association of University Women (2000)

Trends in Educational Equity of Girls and Women (pdf document) (website)
Catherine E. Freeman
National Center for Education Statistics (2004)

“Understanding How Girls’ Identities Shape Their Science Practices: The Stories of Amelia and Ginny”
Classroom video
Edna Tan and Angela Calabrese Barton
Presented at the National Association for Research in Science Teaching (2006)

Women’s Participation in Advanced Emerging Technology Programs: Stories of Confidence and Determination
Margaret M. Semmer (2006)